lunes, 6 de mayo de 2013

Champions League final rehearsal ends in feisty stalemate

 Bayern Munich's Thomas Mueller controls the ball during his side's 1-1 draw at Borussia Dortmund in the Bundesliga.
Champions League finalists Borussia Dortmund and Bayern Munich battled to a 1-1 draw Saturday in a feisty rehearsal for their May 25 showdown at Wembley.
The draw ended Bayern's 14-game winning run in the Bundesliga and they finished the match with 10 men after Rafinha was sent off with 25 minutes remaining at Dortmund's Signal Iguna Park.
Bayern -- who stayed 20 points clear of their arch-rivals -- have already clinched the German title so there was only pride and the small matter of bragging rights ahead of final at stake for both sides.
Both fielded below strength starting line-ups, but the 80,665 who were crammed into Dortmund's atmospheric stadium saw a full-blooded encounter.

Juergen Klopp's home side went ahead through a stunning volley from Kevin Grosskreutz after 11 minutes.
But Bayern striker Mario Gomez equalized midway through the first half after being left alone at the far post.
In the second half, Dortmund won a penalty as Bayern central defender Jerome Boateng handled in the area.
Robert Lewandowski, who scored four goals in their Champions League semifinal first leg against Real Madrid, stepped up to take the kick and saw his effort brilliantly saved by Manuel Neuer.
Rafinha was then given his marching orders for elbowing Dortmund midfielder Jakub Blaszczykowski, leading to a heated exchange between Klopp and Bayern's sports director Matthias Sammer.
"No one came here thinking it would be a friendly," Klopp said after the game.
A man short, Bayern survived to the end despite a few scares.

They will play Augsburg next Saturday in their final home game where the Bundesliga shield will be presented.
Neuer, the stand-in captain for the day, was delighted they had survived the Dortmund test, thanks in good part to his penalty stop.
"That was a challenge where they met us eye-to-eye," he said. "It was a great game, even though there isn't much on it."
In other notable Bundesliga action, third-placed Bayer Leverkusen clinched automatic qualification for the Champions League with a 2-0 win at Nuremberg.
Schalke 04 scored a 1-0 victory at Borussia Moenchengladbach Friday to stay fourth in the hunt for European spots.
Dortmund's Champions League victims Real Madrid kept the Spanish title race alive for another week at least with a thrilling 4-3 home win over Valladolid.
Cristiano Ronaldo scored twice for Real after Oscar Gonzalez had given the visitors an early lead in the Bernabeu.
Oscar scored a late third for the visitors but Jose Mourinho's men held on for three points which leaves them eight points adrift of champions elect Barcelona, who cannot now clinch the championship in their home game against Real Betis Sunday.

I thing that a lot of supporters from Dormund and Bayern are wating for 25 of May because this day are the final. 
Well, I'm not a suporter from Dormund or Bayern but I prefer that Bayern win the league. 

How to: console and encourage (unit 8)

J- Hey, you look a bit down. What's teh matter?
C- Oh, I've just heard that my sister has got a job in Australia and she's moving away. 
J- Oh, right. Sorry about it. It isn't the end of the world though.
C- I know, but I'm really sad and I'm going to miss him a lot.
J- Don't take it too badly - at least you can visit her whenever you want. Australia is a really cool city.
C- That's true, I suppose.
J- Look at it this way - if she hadn't got that job, she'd have been really disappointed.
C- Yeah, maybe you're right.
J- Cheer up! Come on - let's go to the park or something.
C- OK. Thanks, Júlia. I feel a bit better now.

How to: explain an clarify a situation (unit 9)

J- Hi, Carla. How was your afternoon?
C- Not bad, thanks. Why do you ask?
J- Because you told me that you were staying at your friend's house, but I heared that you were at the city. 
C- Who told you that?
J- Laura said that she'd seen you. How come you didn't tell me about it?
C- Because I was only there for three hours.Then I went to the town because I needed a book from the library. 
J- Are you telling me the truth, Carla?
C- Honestly, it's true! If you don't belive me, you can ask Laura. 
J- Ok, Ok. I belive you. Sorry, Carla. 
C- That's OK.  

miércoles, 24 de abril de 2013


Welsh is a living Language: about 25 per cent of Welsh people know it well, although they also know English. There is a Welsh Language TV and newspapers, and the signs in towns are in Welsh and English.

Breakfast in Wales may include black laverbread, which is a paste made with the same type of seaweed that sushi. Other typical Welsh dishes are Welsh rarebit (cheese on toast made in a special way) and Bara Brith (Welsh fruit cake).

Rugby is the most popular sport in Wales. The Wales team take part in the “Six Nations” competition. But, another type of sports, which are so popular, are Football, cricket, snooker and surfing which on many beaches from Wales you can do it.

The Land of Song
Wales is called the “land of song”, and the Welsh national song is called “Land of my Fathers”. Wales is famous for its men’s choir and they often sing before rugby matches.

The Eisteddfod
Eisteddfod is a Welsh word which means “to be sitting together”. An Eisteddfod is an annual meeting of poets, musicians, singers and sometimes dancers who compete for prizes.
The Eisteddfods are symbols of the Welsh love of poetry, music and song.

Iconic places
Cardiff is the capital of Wales.  The second largest city in Wales is Swansea.
Near Swansea there are some prize-winning beaches:
Oxwich Bay
Three Cliffs Bay
Rhossili Bay

Saint David’s is the smallest city in the UK.
Snowdonia is a national park in North Wales. The name comes from the highest mountain, Mount Snowdon.

The English king Edward I wanted to control Wales, so he built huge castles to protect Wales. Four of the most important castles that you can see today are Caernafon, Harlech, Beaumaris and Conwy.

There are many other beautiful areas in Wales, such as Cardigan Bay, the Pembrokeshire Coast, the island of Anglesey and interesting towns like Aberystwyth, Bangor and Llandudno.

Ionic people
Two heroes of the Welsh people are Llewellyn the Great (1173-1240) and Owen Glendower (1357-1416).
Glendower was a nationalist leader who led a revolution against the English king, Henry IV, from 1400 to 1412.

Henry Morgan was a Welsh pirate who robbed ships and towns in the Caribbean in the seventeenth century.

In recent times, there have been many famous Welsh writers, actors, and politicians…

Shirley Bassey has had a long career in show business since she began performing in 1953. She is famous for singing the title songs for three James Bond films.

Welsh legends: King Arthur and Branwen
Some people say that Arthur’s castle, Camelot, was in Wales but others say it was in south-west England or Brittany in France.
Another legend is about a girl called Branwen, whose brother was a giant, and a king in Wales. Brawen married the Irish king but when he took her to Ireland he was very unkind to her. Branwen sent news to her brother. Her brother walked through the sea to help his sister. There was a terrible war and many people were killed, including the Welsh and Irish kings. Branwen returned to Wales with the head of her dead brother and was sad about what happened. 

The flag


The national dish is Irish stew that is made from lamb, potatoes, onions, carrots and parsley. Irish people drink more tea than English people.

The national sport of Ireland is Gaelic football. It’s different from normal football because in that football you can throw the ball by hand, there are 15 players in each team. Another Irish sport is hurling, in this sport you hit the ball with a stick. In Ireland are horse racing, rugby, golf and football (normal).

Music and Dance:
Irish dancing is also popular and the show Riverdance was an international success. There are also many Irish rock and pop stars (U2, Boyzone, Westlife…).
The best-known traditional Irish song is “Danny Boy”, the music of this song is Irish but the words were written by a Englishman.

The Economy:
Ireland has been a poor country with many problems but from 1995 to 2007 there was an economic boom there. This means that the Irish economy grew fast. People called Ireland the “Celtic Tiger” at this time. Unfortunately the Irish economy got worse after 2008.

Ionic places:
Dublin is the capital of the Republic of Ireland. It is a beautiful city with Georgian buildings, a castle, art galleries and a famous theatre, the Abbey Theatre.
Inside the Post Office you can see the bullet holes in the stone when some of the Republicans organized a revolution.
Trinity Collage is the most important Irish University; in the book of Kells you can read parts of the Bible.
Belfast is the capital of Northern Ireland. For many years it was divided between the Catholics and the Protestants.
The Giant’s Causeway is on the east coast of Northern Ireland. There is a legend, which says that an Irish giant made this type of bridge by throwing rocks in the sea so that he could cross to Scotland to fight a Scottish giant.
The Blarney Stone is a bluestone, which is an ancient, piece from Corks a city near Blarney castle.
The west coast of Ireland on the Atlantic Ocean is famous for its great beauty. The Lakes of Killarney is in a ring of mountains.
In many places there are very tall round towers. The most famous are Rock of Cashel and the Glendalough.

Ionic people:
There are many famous Irish writers and artists, for example G.B Shaw, W.B Yeats, Samuel Beckett, Oscar Wilde and Seamus Heaney.
Another ionic people were Bob Geldof who was the leader of an Irish punk band and the Boomtown Rats. He formed Band Aid to raise money for Ethiopia in 1984 and organized Live Aid, a rock concert, in 1985.
The first woman president of Ireland between 1990 and 1997, and was later the United Nations High Commissioner was Mary Robinson.

Saint Patrick:
Saint Patrick wasn’t Irish but Irish pirates caught him. He was a slave in Ireland, je escaped but returned to Ireland and he converted the Irish people to Christianity.
The Irish celebrate St Patrick’s Day on 17th March with special parades.

Stories from the past:
There are lots of stories in Ireland about leprechauns. Leprechauns are little old men who wear green or red jackets, carry a stick and wear a tall hat. If you catch a leprechaun, maybe you will find his pot of gold and he might give you three wishes.
Many Irish people don’t like this image of leprechauns, which they think is something just to please the tourists.
Actually there are lots of legends, one of these is about “Deirdre of the Sorrows”.
Ireland has not had an easy history. It’s divided into the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland, there has been a difficult division between Roman Catholics and Protestants. 



How to: apologize for a misunderstanging (unit 7)

C- Excuse me. Can I have a word with you?
J- Yes. Is there a problem?
C- I' mafraid so. Did you know that this is private property?
J- No, I didn't.
C- Didn't you see the sign?
J- No... I'm sorry.
C- Have you been here before?
J- Yes, three or four times. 
C- Well, if I were you, I'd look for a different place.
J- OK. Sorry about that. I didn't realize.
C- That's OK. Remember for next time and pay atention to the signs.

Taylor Swift America's favourite sweetheart

Taylor Swift's personal pop songs are loved by millions of fans but it's her positive attitude and generosity that make her a real star. 

From the moment the 14-year-old singer arrived in the city of Nashville, USA, it was clear she was destined for success. Taylor Swift moved to the American country music capital from her home in Pennsylvania for just one reason... she wanted to be famous country singer. Her songs soon made an impression on music bosses... and her dream beame a reality. 

In 2006, at age 16, Taylor released her first single "Tim McGraw" about one of her ex-boyfriends. Love has been at theme of her music ever since. Taylor's public appreciated her intimate, autobiographical songs and in 2008 she was nominated for her first Grammy award. Then at the 2010 Grammy awards, she became the youngest singer to win Album of the Year at the age of 20.

The talented singer now has an international reputation. Taylor's third album, Speak Now, was Number One in the USA, and Taylor has also toured Norht America, Europe and Australia. Taylor loves playing live shows and speaking with her fans. "Fans are my favourite thing in the world", she says. "I'll hang out with them after the show. I'll hang out with them before the show".

Recently, Taylor has been the subject of speculation about her relationship with One Direction's Harry Styles. She says she is embarrrassed that people talk about her love life. In the past, Taylor has had lots of famous boyfriends such as Joe Jonas, Taylor Lauthner and Jake Gyllenhaal.

Taylor Swift isn't just a country singer she is an actress too! Taylor has had roles in Valentine's Day, the Lorax and teh TV series CSI. She also played herself in the film Hannah Montana: The Movie. With a successful music career and all her Grammy awards, perhaps the next step for Taylor Swift is to win an Oscar?

Like other pop artist such as Shakira, Taylor Swift likes to help others. She gives money to schools and recorded the Hope for Haiti Now album for the victims of the disaster there.  she also has a good influence on young people: Taylor avoids alcohol and cigarettes. "I don't drink to get drunk because that's just not cute.. and I don't want to smoke anything because I sing" she says. 

name: Taylor Alison Swift
date of birth: 13 December 1989
age: 23
star sing: Sagittarius
place of birht: Wyomisssing, Pennsylvania, USA